ergot


ergot
ergot [ʉr′gət, ʉrgät΄]
n.
[Fr < OFr argot, a rooster's spur, hence (from the shape) the disease growth in the plant]
1. the hard, reddish-brown or black, grainlike masses (sclerotia) of certain parasitic fungi (esp. genus Claviceps) that replace the kernels of rye or other cereal plants
2. the disease in which this occurs; specif., the disease of rye caused by a species (Claviceps purpurea) of this fungus
3. the dried sclerotia of the rye fungus from which several alkaloids are extracted that have the ability to contract blood vessels and smooth muscle tissue
4. any of these alkaloids
ergotic [ʉr gät′ik]
adj.

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ergot — ergot …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • ergot — [ ɛrgo ] n. m. • argoz plur. 1160; origine inconnue I ♦ Production cornée derrière la patte de quelques animaux. ⇒ éperon. 1 ♦ Chez les gallinacés mâles, Pointe recourbée du tarse, doigt abortif servant d arme offensive. Les ergots du coq. « Le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ergot — could be called a cereal killer for it comes from cereals such as rye and wheat and is quite capable of killing someone. A fungus (Claviceps purpurea) that contaminates rye and wheat produces substances (alkaloids) termed ergotamines. Ergotamines …   Medical dictionary

  • ergot — ergót s. n. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  ERGÓT s. n. 1. formaţie vegetală parazitară, veninoasă, sub formă de mici puncte pe spicul unor graminee. 2. boală criptogamică a cerealelor (secara), caracterizată prin… …   Dicționar Român

  • ergot — fungal disease of rye and other grasses, 1680s, from Fr. ergot, from O.Fr. argot cock s spur (12c.), of unknown origin. The blight so called from the shape the fungus forms on the diseased grain. Ergotism disease caused by eating ergot infected… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Ergot — Er got, n. [F. ergot, argot, lit., a spur.] 1. A diseased condition of rye and other cereals, in which the grains become black, and often spur shaped. It is caused by a parasitic fungus, {Claviceps purpurea}. [1913 Webster] 2. The mycelium or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ergot — èrgot m DEFINICIJA 1. bot. ražena gljivica 2. pat. guka na koljenu (bolest konja) ETIMOLOGIJA fr. ergot …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Ergot — Ergot, so v.w. Mutterkorn. Daher Ergotīn, Bestandtheil des Mutterkorns (Secale cornutum) u. wahrscheinlich der narkotisch wirksame. Es ist ein braunrothes, in Äther unlösliches, in Wasser schwer u. in Alkohol leichter lösliches Pulver von bitterm …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ergot — Ergot, Ergotin, s. Mutterkorn …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • ergot — Ergot, m. acut. voyez Argot et Herigoté …   Thresor de la langue françoyse


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